Fabric paint

Fabric painting

Fabric painting
Before you paint the fabric... how to distinguish the fabric The fabric painting, start ...
Fabric paint
Fabric paint
Fabric paint
Fabric paint

Sometimes you may need to paint or clothes at home. But before proceeding, it is important to define the following concepts: fiber composition of the fabric and its properties (you can try to look on the label), choose the right dye (otherwise you just ruin the product) and, of course, strictly follow instructions!
Of course, it is best at first to paint fabric use a piece of similar material (for example, a part of back side fabric).
Available paints for certain types of fabrics and versatile. Fabrics of cotton, linen, viscose and mediamine fibers dyed with direct dyes; natural silk and wool with acid dyes; and and nylon - dispersed; nitron - cationic dyes. Painting viscose, linen and cotton fabrics also can produce active dyes - paint without heating. The color is bright and stable.
Universal dye is a mixture of different dyes used for wool, nylon and cotton.
Dyes for nylon and anida (dispersed) also paint acetate fabric. Disperse dyes do not dissolve in water.
The next table shows the color is got when repainting.

Color of the painted material
brown dye
red dye
blue dye
green dye
reddish brown
dark brown
dark brown
reddish brown

To paint fabrics of new things (not worn), you need to do:
- it should be washed in detergents to remove layers of various substances (such as antistatic agents and similar). Generally, thin fabric before painting at first should be rinsed in a solution of ammonia (ammonia solution), prepared at the rate of 50 g of 25% ammonia in 10 l of water (why adopted 25% - so it is sold in hardware stores). After that, the fabric should be well rinsed in water.

To paint fabrics worn things do:
- first you need to remove all unnecessary spots (how to remove the stain). Then align the existing paint on the clothes - faded parts of fabrics are pre-painted. This is very important when thing repainted in bright colors. Then the product is washed with washing powder. Silk and wool are made for 30-40 min at 40-50 0C in a solution of liquid ammonia (50 g of a 25% alcohol per 5 liters of water). Sometimes for use the best effect and quality of color fabric it needs better bleac before.

By the way, all metal jewelry and buttons should be removed before painting.

As already mentioned, when to paint fabric you need to know that kind of the fabric to be dyed. This will help the next plate:

How to distinguish fabrics

Reaction to the crushing
Feature of burning
Smell of burning
Nylon, anid smooth, shining is not crushing does not burn, but melts to form the soft ball at the end has not smell
Dacron Smooth, matt is not crushing Melts without igniting to form at the end of the solid ball has not smell
acrylic rough Loose fluffy matte is not crushing First melts and becomes brown, then burns with a smoky flame with the formation solid ball on the end has not smell
Viscose Smooth gloss crushing Burns completely, the ashes scattered, the ash is light gray burnt paper
Acetate Smooth gloss crushing Burns quickly with the formation of brown ball on the end, in passing from flame - attenuated vinegar
natural silk smooth gloss crushing bad burns and form fragile ball at the end burnt horn or hair
Wool rough Loose fluffy matte is not crushing bad burns and form fragile ball at the end burnt horn or hair
Cotton Loose rough matte crushing burns completely, the ashes scattered, the ash is light gray burnt paper

fabric Painting

Recommendations for use dyes are on their packaging. They must observed.
In order to know how much to take dye and in which the amount of water to dissolve it, at first we must weigh the things that we want to paint. Packages with paint have a label with mass of dry cloth (fabric) for the dye. For example, how to paint fabrics of viscose or flax with direct dyes:
Package content and a tablespoon of salt dissolved in 0.5 liters of hot water. The solution to drain into a large bowl and add water to were covered fully with solution laundered and pressed repaint products. At weak boiling to paint 1 h, then 30 min without boiling.
After dyeing the fabric must be rinsed in cold water. Painting viscose fabrics is performed at a temperature not above 60 0C and without salt.

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Getting acetate silk. Getting viscose

Polycondensation, polyester, nylon, capron

Chemical reaction. Types of chemical reactions

Removal of corrosion with different metals

Simple substance

Color. Palette. Refraction

Alloys of pure metals

Helpful advices

Indicator pH. Color of indicator

Crystal growing. How to grow crystal

Color glass. The crystal. Quartz glass

Complex substances. Water hardness

Bikfod's cable. Wick

Cooling mixture. Endothermic reaction

Color of gold. Alloys of gold. Stamp of gold


Food additives, conserving agents

The density of substances (materials)

Structure of paint
Mineral paint

Varnishes. Solvents of varnishes

Oil paint. Glow paint

Photo on the metal. Photo on fabric

Ammonia. Properties of ammonia

Bases. Properties of bases. Alkali

Enzymes. The action of enzymes

Rubber and caoutchouc

Kinds of fuel